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2020-11-17 › Президент Трамп рассматривал возможность нанесения удара по ядерному объекту в Иране


Дональд Трамп
Об этом заявил чиновник Белого дома

На прошлой неделе президент Трамп запросил варианты нанесения удара по главному ядерному объекту Ирана, но в итоге отказался от этого шага, заявил в понедельник чиновник Белого дома.

Трамп сделал запрос во время встречи в четверг со своими высокопоставленными советниками по национальной безопасности, включая вице-президента Майка Пенса, нового исполняющего обязанности министра обороны Кристофера Миллера и генерала Марка Милли, председателя Объединенного комитета начальников штабов, сообщил чиновник.

Сотрудник администрации подтвердил встречу, о которой сообщил The New York Times. В статье издание сообщало, что советники убедили Трампа не наносить удар из-за угрозы более широкого конфликта.

«Он спросил о вариантах. Они дали ему сценарии, и в конечном итоге он решил не предпринимать никаких шагов», – сказал чиновник. Белый дом от комментариев отказался.

Все четыре года своего президентства Трамп проводил агрессивную политику в отношении Ирана, выйдя из ядерного соглашения с Тегераном, которое подписал его предшественник Барак Обама.

Запрос о вариантах нанесения удара поступил на следующий день после того, как в отчете ООН было сказано, что Иран завершил перевод ряда усовершенствованных центрифуг с наземного завода на своем основном заводе по обогащению урана на подземный, что является новым нарушением ядерного соглашения с ведущими государствами.

Запасы низкообогащенного урана в Иране – 2,4 тонны – в настоящее время намного превышают установленный соглашением предел в 202,8 кг. Тегеран произвел 337,5 кг за квартал, что меньше 500 кг, зафиксированных Международным агентством по атомной энергии за предыдущие два квартала.

Президент Трамп старается не начинать серьезных вооруженных конфликтов и стремится вывести американские войска из горячих точек в соответствии с обещанием остановить то, что он называет «бесконечными войнами». Удар по главному ядерному объекту Ирана в Нетензе может перерасти в региональный конфликт и создать серьезный внешнеполитический вызов для избранного президента Байдена.

источник › https://www.golosameriki.com/a/trump-considered-the-possibility/5665524.html



2020-11-16 › Trump Sought Options for Attacking Iran to Stop Its Growing Nuclear Program


Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned President Trump against a strike on Iran and described the potential risks of military escalation.Credit...Anna Moneymaker for The New York Times
The president was dissuaded from moving ahead with a strike by advisers who warned that it could escalate into a broader conflict in his last weeks in office.

WASHINGTON — President Trump asked senior advisers in an Oval Office meeting on Thursday whether he had options to take action against Iran’s main nuclear site in the coming weeks. The meeting occurred a day after international inspectors reported a significant increase in the country’s stockpile of nuclear material, four current and former U.S. officials said on Monday.

A range of senior advisers dissuaded the president from moving ahead with a military strike. The advisers — including Vice President Mike Pence; Secretary of State Mike Pompeo; Christopher C. Miller, the acting defense secretary; and Gen. Mark A. Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff — warned that a strike against Iran’s facilities could easily escalate into a broader conflict in the last weeks of Mr. Trump’s presidency.

Any strike — whether by missile or cyber — would almost certainly be focused on Natanz, where the International Atomic Energy Agency reported on Wednesday that Iran’s uranium stockpile was now 12 times larger than permitted under the nuclear accord that Mr. Trump abandoned in 2018. The agency also noted that Iran had not allowed it access to another suspected site where there was evidence of past nuclear activity.

Mr. Trump asked his top national security aides what options were available and how to respond, officials said.

After Mr. Pompeo and General Milley described the potential risks of military escalation, officials left the meeting believing a missile attack inside Iran was off the table, according to administration officials with knowledge of the meeting.

Mr. Trump might still be looking at ways to strike Iranian assets and allies, including militias in Iraq, officials said. A smaller group of national security aides had met late Wednesday to discuss Iran, the day before the meeting with the president.

White House officials did not respond to requests for comment.

The episode underscored how Mr. Trump still faces an array of global threats in his final weeks in office. A strike on Iran may not play well to his base, which is largely opposed to a deeper American conflict in the Middle East, but it could poison relations with Tehran so that it would be much harder for President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. to revive the 2015 Iran nuclear accord, as he has promised to do.

Since Mr. Trump dismissed Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper and other top Pentagon aides last week, Defense Department and other national security officials have privately expressed worries that the president might initiate operations, whether overt or secret, against Iran or other adversaries at the end of his term.

The events of the past few days are not the first time that Iran policy has emerged in the final days of a departing administration. During the last days of the Bush administration in 2008, Israeli officials, concerned that the incoming Obama administration would seek to block it from striking Iran’s nuclear facilities, sought bunker-busting bombs, bombers and intelligence assistance from the United States for an Israeli-led strike.

Vice President Dick Cheney later wrote in his memoir that he supported the idea. President George W. Bush did not, but the result was a far closer collaboration with Israel on a cyberstrike against the Natanz facility, which took out about 1,000 of Iran’s nuclear centrifuges.

Ever since, the Pentagon has revised its strike plans multiple times. It now has traditional military as well as cyberoptions, and some that combine the two. Some involve direct action by Israel.

A satellite image of the Natanz facility, where the International Atomic Energy Agency reported that Iran’s uranium stockpile was now 12 times larger than permitted under the nuclear accord that Mr. Trump abandoned in 2018.Credit...Maxar Technologies/Reuters
Mr. Trump has argued since the 2016 campaign that Iran was hiding some of its actions and cheating on its commitments; the inspectors’ report last week gave him the first partial evidence to support that view. The report criticized Iran for not answering a series of questions about a warehouse in Tehran where inspectors found uranium particles, leading to suspicion that it had once been some kind of nuclear-processing facility. The report said Iran’s answers were “not technically credible.”

The International Atomic Energy Agency has previously complained that inspectors have been barred from fully reviewing some suspected sites.

It is not just the U.S. military that is looking at options. Mr. Pompeo, officials said, is closely watching events unfolding on the ground in Iraq for any hint of aggression from Iran or its proxy militias against American diplomats or troops stationed there.

Mr. Pompeo already drew up plans to close the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad over concerns of potential threats, although in recent days he appeared willing to leave that decision to the next administration. Mortar and rocket attacks against the embassy have waned over the past several weeks, and the task to shutter the largest American diplomatic mission in the world could take months to complete.

But officials said that could change if any Americans are killed before Inauguration Day.

Officials are especially nervous about the Jan. 3 anniversary of the U.S. strike that killed Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani, the commander of Iran’s elite Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, and the Iraqi leader of an Iranian-backed militia — deaths that Iranian leaders regularly insist they have not yet avenged.

Mr. Pompeo, who has been the most strident proponent among Mr. Trump’s advisers of hobbling Iran while the administration still can, has more recently made clear that the death of an American was a red line that could provoke a military response.

That would also increase tensions between Washington and Baghdad. Diplomats said Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi of Iraq would almost certainly object to the killing of Iraqis — even Iranian-backed militiamen — on Iraqi soil by U.S. forces who already face demands to leave.

источник › https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/16/us/politics/trump-iran-nuclear.html

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